Рефераты по иностранным языкам

2-3 сынып оқушыларына ағылшын тілінде сөйлеуге үйрету

11 Мая 2012, курсовая работа

Қазақстан бүкіл әлемде үш тілді пайдаланатын жоғары білімді ел ретінде танылуға тиіс. Бұлар қазақ тілі – мемлекеттік тіл, орыс тілі – ұлтаралық қатынас тілі және ағылшын тілі – жаһандық экономикаға ойдағыдай кірігу тілі. Осыған орай, ағылшын тілін тілдің үш тұғырының бірі ретінде қызмет етуінің алғышарты – оның қоғамдық өмірдің әр алуан саласында қолданылуы болып табылады. Жер шарын мекендеген мыңдаған ұлттар мен ұлыстардың бір-бірін түсінуіне – халықаралық сипат алған ағылшын тілінің рөлі зор. Ағылшын тiлiн үйрену арқылы оқушылар бiлiм деңгейiн көтерiп, өз халқы мен басқа халықтар арасындағы ұқсастықтар мен ерекшелiктердi ажыратуға дағдыланады.

A brief history of the United States

17 Января 2011, реферат

The first Europeans to reach North America were Icelandic Vikings, led by Leif Ericson, about the year 1000. Traces of their visit have been found in the Canadian province of Newfoundland, but the Vikings failed to establish a permanent settlement and soon lost contact with the new continent.

A friend in need is friend indeed

06 Февраля 2013, доклад

It's said that a real friend is recognized in a trouble . I am a friendly of amiable person, therefore I have a great deal of friends. In spite of that as a man I highlly appreciate humanity, loyalty and allegiance to principles. It's my belief that a friendship can not exist without a reciprocal trust. You can have a lot of friends but in case you have complex issues, problems few of them will help and support you. Once I have read a quotation that while you have money and have no problem they are always next to you. But when your money is spent and problems surrounded you they harshly vanish.

A Market economy

12 Декабря 2011, реферат

Throughout history, every society has faced the fundamental economic problem of deciding what to produce, and for whom, in a world of limited resources. In the 20th century, two competing economic systems, broadly speaking, have provided very different answers: command economies directed by a centralized government, and market economies based on private enterprise. Today, in the last decade of the 20th century, it is clear that, for people throughout the world, the central, command economy model has failed to sustain economic growth, to achieve a measure of prosperity, or even to provide economic security for its citizens.

A Nation of Vidiots

05 Декабря 2011, реферат

NEW YORK – The past half-century has been the age of electronic mass media. Television has reshaped society in every corner of the world. Now an explosion of new media devices is joining the TV set: DVDs, computers, game boxes, smart phones, and more. A growing body of evidence suggests that this media proliferation has countless ill effects.

A new clue in the AIDS mystery

24 Декабря 2012, доклад

As any public – health professional knows, an epidemic is worthy of A. Conan Doyle or P.D. James. And that certainly appeared to be the case with AIDS. According to conventional wisdom, the AIDS virus started to spread in the United States around the late 70’s. but recently became apparent that a 15 year – old Missouri boy had probably died of the disease as early as 1969, years before anyone had defected an outbreak and even given AIDS its name.

A populations is a collections of persons

18 Декабря 2011, сочинение

Сочинение по "Математике" на английском языке.


26 Февраля 2012, реферат

An abbreviation is a short way of writing a word or a phrase that could a lso be written out in full. So, for example, you might write Dr Kinsey inste ad of Doctor Kinsey. Here Dr is an abbreviation for the word Doctor. Likewise, the phrase for example can sometimes be abbreviated to e.g.

Abraham Lincoln

04 Ноября 2012, реферат

Abraham Lincoln was the son of Nancy Hanks Lincoln and Thomas Lincoln who later remarried to Sarah Bush Johnston Lincoln who became Abraham Lincoln’s stepmother. Lincoln became very close to Sarah, and would call her “mother”, however was quite distant to his father.

Abstracts on architecture

03 Октября 2011, реферат

Chapter 1: «Monuments of architecture XVIII - first half XIX centuries»

Chapter 2: «Monuments of architecture of the end XIX - the beginnings of XX centuries»


13 Февраля 2013, реферат

The Volgograd branch offers degrees and certificates of higher education, as well as continuing education programs. The professional curriculum is based upon an interdisciplinary course of study that includes elements of the theoretical and practical aspects of modern economic, legal, political and social environment of Russia as well as comparative political culture and international practice. The Academy has over two hundred highly qualified instructors who teach three thousand students. One hundred and fifty professors have scientific degrees. Many of the professors play an active role as advisors and consultants to the government and municipal agencies, regional commercial agencies (banks, insurance, trade, industrial companies, law agencies, etc.).

Adobe Air

12 Марта 2012, лекция

Adobe Integrated Runtime, also known as Adobe AIR, is a cross-platform runtime environment developed by Adobe Systems for building Rich Internet Applications (RIA) using Adobe Flash, Adobe Flex, HTML, and Ajax, that can be run as desktop applications.

Advantages and disadvantages of using Internet

26 Февраля 2013, доклад

В данной статье рассматриваются недостатки применения инновационно-информационных технологии, являющиеся основным фактором повышения качества образования и обучения иностранным языкам .

African English. South African English

22 Марта 2012, творческая работа

The English language as used in the Republic of South Africa, the first language of c. 10% (about 2.7m) of the total population of the RSA.
Until 1994, with AFRIKAANS, it was one of the two official languages; in that year, nine indigenous languages became official: Ndebele, Pedi, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, and Zulu. In the following discussion, South African English focuses primarily on the usage of South Africans for whom English is their first language.

Age discrimination in the USA and the UK

01 Сентября 2011, сочинение

Discrimination defines the matter of treating one particular group of people less favorably than others because of their race, color, nationality, ethnic, national origins or even age. Generally speaking Age discrimination is a big issue nowadays. Business field is one of the most recognizable places where Age Discrimination takes place. But how do we deal with it in modern society? Every nationtries to come up with some solutions and illuminate age discrimination.

Alaska - the largest state in the United States

14 Апреля 2013, реферат

Alaska is a state in the United States, situated in the northwest extremity of the North American continent, with the international boundary with Canada to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, with Russia further west across the Bering Strait. Alaska is the largest state in the United States by area, the 4th least populous and the least densely populated of the 50 United States.
Alaska is the largest state in the United States in land area at 586,412 square miles (1,518,800 km2), over twice the size of Texas, the next largest state. Alaska is larger than all but 18 sovereign countries. Counting territorial waters, Alaska is larger than the combined area of the next three largest states: Texas, California, and Montana. It is also larger than the combined area of the 22 smallest U.S. states.

Alexander Lodygin and incandescent lamp

26 Марта 2013, творческая работа

Alexander Nikolayevich Lodygin

Was a Russian electrical engineer and inventor, one of inventors of the incandescent light bulb.
incandescent lamp

Incandescent lamp is an electric light which produces light with a filament wire heated to a high temperature by an electric current passing through it, until it glows (see Incandescence).

Alexander Tuchkov and Margarita Naryshkina

11 Ноября 2012, реферат

1. The Love story of Margaret Naryshkina and Alexander Tuchkov is called the most beautiful Love of the XIX century. The story of this love could be the basis of a large novel. Perhaps even an adventure…
They knew what love and faithfulness meant. This is the story of self-denial for the sake of their loved ones .
2. Alexander A. Tuchkov came from an old noble family, whose founder moved from Prussia to Russia. In the family of

American film " Bruce almightly"

28 Февраля 2011, доклад

Firstly I watched this comedy on my 13th birthday, it was a gift from my friend. This film was so funny, that we were loughing all the time. Jim's Carry acting was impressive and film was full of really amusing jokes and comic situations. So, I watched it several times and it was funny every time.

American vs. British Eanglish

28 Марта 2012, доклад

English is spoken in many countries either as the mother tongue or as a second language. That’s why instead of «English» there are many «Englishes» — variations of the language. In this article I’ll focus on the two mostly commonly used versions of English — British and American English.
I think that the American version of spoken English is becoming more and more dominant for several reasons. Let me give you an example to show you why American English has a stronger impact on British English than vice versa.

Analyses, Planning and Execution of Lessons

18 Февраля 2012, реферат

Lesson goals
Lesson parts
Students most common mistakes
Analyses of lesson

Analysis of Ms Found in the bottle

30 Января 2013, лекция

“MS. Found in a Bottle” (Շշի մեջ գտնված նամակը) is an 1833 short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The plot follows an unnamed narrator at sea who finds himself in a series of harrowing circumstances. As he nears his own disastrous death while his ship drives to the South, he writes an "MS.", or manuscript telling of his adventures which he casts into the sea. Some critics believe the story was meant as a satire of typical sea tales.

Analysis of terminology in scientific-technical style

27 Февраля 2013, курсовая работа

At present time there is a great necessity to emphasize scientific-technical translation not only as a special kind of translation activity and special theory that investigates this kind of activity but as to assign scientific-technical translation a status of independent applied science. From the linguistic viewpoint peculiarities of scientific-technical are spread on its stylistics, grammar and lexics. The main task of scientific-technical translation is a possibly clear and precise bringing of the information to the reader.

Analysis of the fragments from ‘The Passionate Year’ by James Hilton

06 Февраля 2013, творческая работа

The fragments from ‘The Passionate Year’ written by English writer James Hilton is under our interpretation.
The problems of teacher and pupil are touched upon in these passages. Here we can read about the problem of a new teacher and how children rag him. But a teacher can have a strong will and won’t let his pupils make

Analysis of "The Escape"

18 Декабря 2011, доклад

The text under analysis is the short story written by Somerset Maugham.
The main idea relates to the relationships between men and women. The main idea is to stay sincere and honest to people you love. Moreover, one should stay honest to a person he/she has fallen out of love with. It is mean to lead them astray.
The aim of this short story is to make people understand that they should discuss problems concerning the relationships in order to save them.

Analysis#2 "To kill a mockingbird"

11 Мая 2013, лабораторная работа

The extract under study is taken from the book “To kill a mockingbird” written by Harper Lee. "To Kill a Mockingbird" is her first novel and the Pulitzer Prize winning novel.
The novel depicts the life of its young narrator Jean Louse “Scout” Finch in the small town of Maycomb, Alabama.

Ancient laws

11 Марта 2012, сочинение

Throughout human history, there have been many legal monuments – sources of knowing law. As legal monuments we understand documents that help us to know type and content of laws of different states in different epochs: legal texts, customs, legal cases (lawsuits), annals, etc.

Architectural conservation

28 Мая 2012, курсовая работа

Architectural conservation
Architectural conservation describes the process through which the material, historical, and design integrity of mankind's built heritage are prolonged through carefully planned interventions. The individual engaged in this pursuit is known as an architectural conservator. Ultimately, the decision is value based: a combination of artistic, contextual, and informational values is normally considered. In some cases, a decision to not intervene may be the most appropriate choice.


28 Января 2013, реферат

Astana is a pride of Kazakhs and all people of Kazakhstan. Astana is a symbol of new Kazakhstan. The founder and the chief architect of Astana on the right is our President, Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev. An important, even decisive initiative to transfer the capital of our country from Almaty to Akmola was also expressed by President Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev. Taking such a wise and a fateful decision, he showed his sagacity and foresight, as a great statesman.

Azerbaian Beef and Dairy Value Chain

15 Июля 2012, научная работа

The theme of this case study is the critical role that supporting markets can play in value chain growth. The case ex-
amines how small-scale livestock farmers in Azerbaijan benefited from greater access to supporting markets for vet-
erinary products and services. Constrained by the remoteness of their farms and low incomes, small-scale farmers had difficulty accessing veterinary services, which were a critical gap to competitiveness. Because small-scale farmers are the principal production unit
for the beef and dairy value chains in Azerbaijan, closing this gap was viewed as a prerequisite for value chain growth.