Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Research Project in English-Climate and Weather of The Khabarovsky krai

11 Декабря 2012, курсовая работа

As a theme of the project I have chosen « The Climate and weather of The Khabarovsky krai ». Having overlooked all sites and having looked through all books there is information, but it is not enough. As it seems to me, my theme is very actual presently as everywhere people speak about weather; people change weather, polluting an atmosphere.

Revolution and World Order

30 Января 2011, реферат

According to scholars, the notion of world order emerged with the Treaty of Westphalia, 1648 (included two separate treaties, Munster and Osnabruck), which ended the Thirty Years’ War against the hegemonic power of the Holy Roman Empire. Peace of Westphalia delegitimized the transnational role of the Catholic Church and validated the idea that international relations should be driven by balance-of-power considerations rather than the ideals of Christianity and its authorities.

Robinson Crusoe

08 Марта 2013, реферат

Robinson Crusoe /ˌrɒbɪnsən ˈkruːsoʊ/ is a novel by Daniel Defoe that was first published in 1719. Epistolary, confessional, anddidactic in form, the book is a fictional autobiography of the title character (whose birth name is Robinson Kreutznaer)—a castawaywho spends 28 years on a remote tropical island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals, captives, and mutineers before being rescued.

Rotter J.B.

12 Февраля 2013, контрольная работа

Locus of control is a theory in personality psychology referring to the extent to which individuals believe that they can control events that affect them. Understanding of the concept was developed by Julian B. Rotter in 1954, and has since become an aspect of personality studies. A person's "locus" (Latin for "place" or "location") is conceptualised as either internal (the person believes they can control their life) or external (meaning they believe that their decisions and life are controlled by environmental factors which they cannot influence).

Russia. Financial Crisis

14 Мая 2011, реферат

Good morning, everyone! You all are my classmates so it’s not worth introducing myself because according to one wise saying “time is money”. I am here to tell you about the financial crisis in Russia, its causes and some interesting facts about it. Nowadays with the support of globalization the economy has become one of the most important and influential parts of people’s relations, needless to say that students of our academy have to be abreast of this sphere if they want to advance in their profession.

Russian borrowings in english language

08 Декабря 2010, курсовая работа

The aim of this project is to study the usage of Russian borrowings in the English language, to analyze what words of Russian origin have been borrowed into English and to study their thematic groups and find out whether they have undergone some morphological and semantic changes in English or not and compare the received results with the above mentioned postulates.

Russian food

04 Февраля 2013, контрольная работа

Перевод текста
In Russian it`s usual to have meals three times a day. There is breakfast, dinner and supper.
Neither breakfast nor its preparation usually takes much time. In Russia it`s not common to eat much for breakfast. A usual breakfast could include omelets, sandwiches, corn flakes or something like that.

Russian language in central Asia

30 Мая 2013, статья

Central Asia this land of desert, steppes, valleys, and mountains is populated primarily by people of Turkic ethnicity, such as the Kazakhs, the Kirghiz, the Turkmen, and the Uzbeks. The other major group in the area, the Tajiks, are of Iranian stock. Over the past several millennia, the Silk Road has brought many traders to Central Asia and the area’s location on the vast interior Eurasian steppe has been a continual invitation to empire-seeking armies.


10 Февраля 2013, практическая работа

Prowadzimzy te firmę poniewaź
Mieć firmy w róźnych krajach.
Prodykty są wysoką jakośćę.

San Francisco

26 Февраля 2012, реферат

San Francisco is the fourth most populous city in California and the 12th most populous city in the United States.. San Francisco is located on northern part of island San Francisco. The important transport, trading, industrial, financial and cultural center of the country. The city covers territory in 121 square kilometers. The population of 681 000 people. In the San Francisco speak in one hundred three languages.

School Counselors

26 Марта 2012, доклад

School counselors can give you all sorts of tips and support on solving problems and making good decisions. Chances are that whatever problem you have, your counselor has seen it before — and has lots of good advice on how to help you work through it. Counselors can give you tips on standing up for yourself if you're being bullied, managing stress, talking to your parents, and dealing with anger and other difficult moods. Counselors also can advise you on problems you may have with a teacher, such as communication difficulties or questions over grades.

Shakespeare the man

10 Ноября 2011, реферат

Although the amount of factual knowledge available about Shakespeare is surprisingly large for one of his station in life, many find it a little disappointing, for it is mostly gleaned from documents of an official character. Dates of baptisms, marriages, deaths, and burials; wills, conveyances, legal processes, and payments by the court--these are the dusty details. There are, however, a fair number of contemporary allusions to him as a writer, and these add a reasonable amount of flesh and blood to the biographical skeleton.

Sir Isaac Newton

17 Февраля 2013, статья

Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived

Slang of the twentieth century on the basis of the novel “The Hot Rock” by Donald E. Westlake

05 Апреля 2012, курсовая работа

The process of learning English consists of many different aspects, including vocabulary, listening, writing, grammar and of course reading. If we want to speak English fluently we should have a large stock of words so that we are able to express our thoughts in a proper way. At school and university we study Standard English, which comprise basic knowledge. But ordinary people do not speak this kind of English. In their speech they often use different kinds of colloquial expressions and words, phrasal verbs, idioms and slang. Not only young people but also elder ones use it. It is used by people of all ages and social groups. Sometimes slang can cause great problems in communication between non-native and native speakers of English. You may not understand your companion which may be very embarrassing. But we can solve this problem by reading books and watching films in English. Donald Westlake’s novel “The Hot Rock” is a good example of such kind of books.

Social production

18 Сентября 2011, лекция

Social production is an international term used to convey the process and product arising from the experience of people in a community collectively determining the conditions of their own habitat (dwelling place and living environment).

Material production is the use of human labour, skills,and productive forces to change the natural resources into commodity.

There are three basic factors of the production process :human labor(labor force), the subject of labor and the means of labor.


22 Февраля 2013, реферат

An independent and warlike Sogdiana[2] formed a border region insulating the Achaemenid Persians from the nomadic Scythians to the north and east.[3] The Sogdian Rock or Rock of Ariamazes, a fortress in Sogdiana, was captured in 327 BC by the forces of Alexander the Great; after an extended campaign putting down Sogdian resistance and founding military outposts manned by his Macedonian veterans, Alexander united Sogdiana with Bactria into one satrapy.

Some food is not very healthy but it can be OK eaten in moderation

17 Января 2011, доклад

We all know that chocolate has lots of sugar. And eating lots of sugar can damage your teeth. However, there is good news for chocoholics everywhere. New studies show that chocolate can prevent cancer and that it contains antioxidants. Chocolate also keeps your arteries healthy and helps balance your moods.

Some methods of machine learning

15 Мая 2012, реферат

Supervised machine learning is the search for algorithms that reason from externally supplied instances to produce general hypotheses, which then make predictions about future instances. In other words, the goal of supervised learning is to build a concise model of the distribution of class labels in terms of predictor features. The resulting classifier is then used to assign class labels to the testing instances where the values of the predictor features are known, but the value of the class label is unknown. This paper describes some supervised machine learning classification techniques.

Some problems of borrowing in the Russian language

18 Апреля 2011, реферат

This article concerns borrowings from European languages. Although the study of foreign lexics and, wider, language borrowing has its own history over a long period of time in linguistics both in Russia and abroad (one can mention the names of great scholars who dealt with this problem: Bloomfield, Scherba, Grot. Haugen) the problem of borrowing by the Russian language hasn't been solved yet. The least investigated aspect is the graphic and orthographic one.


25 Октября 2011, доклад

Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla, that border Morocco. With an area of 504,030 km², Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union after France. Since January 1, 2010, Spain has held the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

Special marine equipment

03 Апреля 2013, контрольная работа

Перевод текста "Special marine equipment".

Sport n my life

02 Мая 2012, сочинение

The topic I’m going to speak about s entitled “Sport in my life”. To begin with I’d like to say that doubtlessly sport is part of a healthy and active way of life. I’m sure that most people prefer healthy way of life nowadays. They are more and more concerned about healthy food they eat, fresh clean air they breathe, about the way they look and feel. In short they want to keep fit.

St Valentine’s day

17 Июня 2011, реферат

One of them says that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When eemperor Claudius decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and children, he outlawed marriages for young men. Valenine understood the injustice of this decree and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered to put him to prison and then to kill him.

Star hour

01 Ноября 2012, творческая работа

Работа содержит презентацию по дисциплине "Английский язык"

Star signs presentation Aktureevna

25 Февраля 2013, творческая работа

Данная работа о звездах.

Strength of music

27 Октября 2011, сочинение

One famous detective, who was named Alexander Creston, looked with interest and appreciation at the young lady, who was coming into the room.
She was a tall, beautiful woman with torment in her eyes. Alexander knew that she would come, but he didn’t know anything about her, except name. Her name was Jane Smith.

Strengths and weaknesses of them

16 Октября 2013, курсовая работа

According to information that I have seen before, I understand that a market is a formal or informal social relation, institution or infrastructure in which the exchange of services, goods, information and trade takes place. It is an organized arrangement that brings together buyers and sellers. Markets vary in location, types, geographic range and size. The main purpose of a market is to facilitate trade and distribute resources to the economy. A competitive market (also called monopolistic competition) is one that has multiple buyers and sellers. In a perfectly competitive market, multiple suppliers have an insignificant market share; standardized or homogeneous products are supplied by each supplier; customers have full information on prices and trends; all industry participants (new and existing sellers) have equal access to technology and other resources; there are no barriers to exit and entry; and the market is open to external competition.

Study plan in detail

23 Ноября 2011, реферат

When I went to school at my age of seven, this story was the first thing my teacher taught. she encouraged me not to be afraid to make desicions about my future. Moreover, she warned me that nothing is easy and smooth at first; it becomes so when you start to familiarize with it. As it is said “ familiarity breeds contempt”. While I was having acute knowledge at school, I got interested in economics and engineering.

Style and age in english drama of the late 16-th and early 17-th centuries

24 Ноября 2011, реферат

Any discussion of Shakespeare's life is bound to be loaded with superlatives. In the course of a quarter century, Shakespeare wrote some thirty-eight plays. Taken individually, several of them are among the world's finest written works; taken collectively, they establish Shakespeare as the foremost literary talent of his own Elizabethan Age and, even more impressively, as a genius whose creative achievement has never been surpassed in any age.

Stylistic analycis

20 Февраля 2013, доклад

Dealing with various cases of phonemic and graphemic foregrounding we should not forget the unilateral nature of a phoneme: this language unit helps to differentiate meaningful lexemes but has no meaning of its own. Cf.: while unable to speak about the semantics of [ou], [ju:], we acknowledge their sense-differentiating significance in "sew" [sou] шить and "sew" [sju:] спускать воду; or [au], [ou] in "bow" бант, поклон etc.