Рефераты по иностранным языкам

History of underground in Russia

27 Февраля 2012, реферат

История метро в Росии.
I think the theme of the Russian transport - this is a very important topic, especially for Russia. One of the most important modes of transportation in a modern city, without a doubt be considered underground. In my lecture I would like to show the history of Russian underground mainly as an example of the capital - Moscow Metro.

Holidays around the world

25 Января 2011, контрольная работа

In my opinion emotions, intonation and some speech turns of the speaker make this edition special
Callum’s guests are relatives and friends ie people from different part of country. They do not see each other for a long time.

Hotel advertisment

21 Ноября 2012, доклад

Centara Grand Mirage Beach Resort Pattaya is a 5-star beach resort a mile north of the main part of Pattaya, designed to be the first truly themed hotel in Thailand, this stunning 18-story property features 555 rooms and suites, all facing the ocean and include Deluxe, Deluxe Ocean View, Premium Deluxe, Deluxe family, Club Mirage level and suites.
The Centara hotels chain belongs to Roalty family Rama IX.

Hotels and Restaurants

23 Марта 2011, реферат

Sooner or later it was bound to occur to a major food writer that there was a need for a comprehensive history of dining out in America, and we can be glad that someone as articulate as the food and travel correspondent for Esquire was the one so inspired. The author of a number of books on food and drink, Mariani has written an immensely interesting, illustrated survey of restaurants from colonial times to the present time, when fast-food eateries have catapulted the industry to the rank of third largest in the country.

House prices up 0.2% in February, says Nationwide

14 Мая 2013, реферат

UK house prices rose by 0.2% in February compared with the previous month, but were the same as a year ago, the Nationwide has said.
The building society said that the average UK home cost £162,638.
The figures, based on its own mortgage data, signalled the lack of movement in prices in the last two years, it said.
But there were "tentative signs" of a pick-up in activity in recent months owing to the relative strength of the jobs market.
"While the economic backdrop remains challenging, there are reasons for cautious optimism that activity will gather momentum in the months ahead," said Robert Gardner, Nationwide's chief economist.

How entrepreneurs optimize costs of production?

12 Декабря 2011, реферат

Optimizing production costs helps company to save money for other purposes. Such as developing new brands or products, save it for employees’ salaries, or inventing something new in company. There are several ways how to decrease production costs. Production includes many factors- costs to produce products, time management of production, and many other which give the clear picture of company production line.

How I spent this summer

31 Октября 2011, реферат

This summer has been good for me. I went to the lake. I have been to this lake several times each summer. I went there with my friends.
Lakes are located in Novinka. We went there by car. Distance from St. Petersburg to Novinku about one hundred and ten kilometers, but we rode from the village Vyritsa because I live there . From Vyritsa to go by car about fifty kilometers.

How to Care for the Sick & Elderly

20 Мая 2011, реферат

General care for a sick elderly is quite complicated and requires more time and attention. The basic principle of care is respect for the individual patient, taking it for what it is, with all his physical and mental disabilities, irritability, talkative, sometimes - dementia, etc. Please note that appropriate, care can improve the condition of patients.

How to manage a team

19 Февраля 2012, статья

Managing a team effectively is an art that requires patience and subtle tact. This article attempts to answer the query, how to manage a team, in order to ensure smooth operation and gain higher productivity.

How vainly men themselves amaze by Herbert Ernest bates

27 Января 2013, творческая работа

I’d like to give you the lingua- stylistic interpretation of the story “How vainly men themselves amaze”, written by one of the great English story-teller, Herbert Ernest Bates.
Speaking about the author’s predominant attitude to what is presented; we can say that the general tone of the story is of psychological and social nature. The writer touches upon the problem of relationship between men and women. The story is basically about genuine love and love affair, about hypocrisy and infidelity

Human beeing is great only in work

20 Апреля 2012, сочинение

Not everyone can feel the happiness of work. Some people were born as a contemplators, not workers, and labour for them is a burden, which takes a lot of strength and time. Other people are not as lucky: their area of business, which they have chosen, doesn’t correspond to their abilities, inclinations, behavior and psychological criteria. Work for them is a torture, slavery and a hopeless captivity without any perspective relise! Such people work either subjectively or evil only to live from hand to mouth.

Human Resource Jobs

05 Января 2013, статья

Human Resource Jobs - a comprehensive, focused on the impact on the team in order to ensure optimal conditions for creative, proactive, conscious of some of its employees work towards achieving the goals of the company. a comprehensive scientific approach to working with the staff at this stage includes:
1) human resource planning;
2) the study and evaluation of staff;
3) the recruitment, selection and appointment of staff;
4) training and education.

Ich lebe in Belarus

22 Ноября 2010, доклад

Belarus liegt in Osteuropa. Das Territorium beträgt 207 600 Quadratkilometer. Die Bevölkerung zählt über 10 Millionen Menschen über 80 Prozent davon sind Belorussen.
Die Republik gliedert sich in sechs Gebiete: Gebiet Minsk, Gebiet Brest, Gebiet Grodno, Gebiet Witebsk, Gebiet Gomel, Gebiet Mogiljow und in 118 Kreise.
Belarus zahlt heute 10 Millionen Einwohner. Außer der Belarussen leben in der Republik Russen, Polen, Ukrainer und Vertreter anderer Nationalitäten. Die Sprache des Landes ist Belarussisch.

Importance of english

01 Июня 2011, реферат

Each language is obviously a very vital tool. It helps not only to express thoughts and ideas, but also forges friendships, cultural ties, and economic relationships. Moreover, it also represents a fundamental expression of social identity. From this point of view it is extremely important to find out the importance of international languages.

In Britain

16 Февраля 2012, доклад

In Britain when a pupil leaves school at sixteen or later he or she must find a job. To achieve this goal school leavers without special qualifications will probably visit a Job Centre or look through local newspaper advertisements. School careers officers also can offer advice. But ultimately it is up to the boys and girls themselves to find work.

Income tax in USA

20 Февраля 2013, реферат

Income taxes in the United States are levied by the federal government and by state and local governments. The federal income tax, upon which this text focuses, is collected by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), part of the Department of the Treasury. The rules for collecting income taxes are set in the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), Title 26 of the United States Code. The IRC is a statute written and regularly revised by Congress. Treasury Regulations are more detailed rules written by the IRS to effectuate the implementation of the IRC. Code provisions, which are statutory, always trump contrary regulatory provisions. Regulations can be of two types: legislative and interpretive. With legislative regulations, Congress says, for example, that depreciation will be an allowable expense "in accordance with regulations to be established by the IRS." It gives the IRS the power to make the rules. Interpretive regulations are those in which the IRS says how it will interpret and apply a given statute.

India’s second largest airline reports record losses

15 Декабря 2011, статья

India is among the world’s fastest growing aviation markets, but its airline industry is losing billions of dollars, and its second-largest air carrier, Kingfisher Airlines, his reporting record losses.
Vijay Mallya, chairman of Kingfisher Airlines, said Tuesday the company posted July-to-September quarter losses of about $93 million - double the amount lost in the same period last year.
The cash-strapped company has cancelled hundreds of flights in the last week to reduce costs.
Kingfisher’s debts amount to about $1.5 billion, and the private airline has been late paying staff salaries.

Indicatif présent

07 Февраля 2011, реферат

1. Indicatif présent глаголов I и II группы образуется от основы неопределенной формы глагола и окончаний présent (см. спряжение глагола).
2. Большинство глаголов III группы имеют чередование основ и следующие окончания (см. спряжение глаголов).

Influence of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

14 Февраля 2013, реферат

The preparatory work for the Vienna Conference followed the standard United Nations procedure for the codification of international law – applied in fields where there is already extensive State practice, precedent and doctrine. In 1952, Yugoslavia proposed that the topic should be given priority, and after discussion in the Sixth (Legal) Committee, the General Assembly requested the International Law Commission to undertake as a priority topic codification of the law of diplomatic intercourse and immunities. The Commission appointed Mr. Sandström of Sweden as Special Rapporteur and his report formed the basis for the draft articles adopted by the Commission in 1957.

International terrorism

12 Ноября 2011, реферат

International terrorism - terrorism led by the foreign parties, organizations or states.
This particular form of terrorism, which originated in the late 1960s and elaborated by the end XX - early XXI century. The main goals of international terrorism is the disruption of public administration, application of economic and political damage, destabilization, which should encourage the government to change policies. One of the greatest contemporary scholars of terrorism, Brian Jenkins (Eng.) considers international terrorism a new kind of conflict .

International Trade

07 Июня 2011, контрольная работа

International trade is very important for people. It enables countries to specialize in the provision of goods & services which it can best produce and then exchange them with the products of other countries to the mutual advantage of all. Owing to it the goods of the world are distributed over a greater area and a greater number of people’s wants are satisfied.

International words in english language

15 Марта 2012, реферат

As the process of borrowing is mostly connected with the appearance of new notions which the loan words serve to express, it is natural that the borrowing is seldom limited to one language.

Interpersonal conflict on workplace American vs Chinese

14 Марта 2012, курсовая работа

The effective management of workplace conflict requires an understanding of the nature and sources of conflict in the workplace. Conflict occurs when there is a perception of incompatible interests between workplace participants. This should be distinguished from disputes. Disputes are merely a by-product of conflict. They are the outward articulation of conflict. Typical disputes come in the form of formal court cases, grievances, arguments, threats and counter threats etc. Conflict can exist without disputes, but disputes do not exist without conflict. Conflict, however, might not be so easily noticed. Much conflict exists in every workplace without turning into disputes.


17 Ноября 2011, курсовая работа

The theme of this work sounds as following: “Homonyms in modern English”. This work can be characterized by the following:
The actuality of the work caused by several important points. We seem to say that the appearance of new, homonymic meanings is one of the main trends in development of Modern English, especially in its colloquial layer, which, in its turn at high degree is supported by development of modern informational technologies and simplification of alive speech. So the significance of our work can be proved by the following reasons:

Introduction to Natural Resources

25 Ноября 2011, реферат

Natural resources are materials and components (something that can be used) that can be found within the environment. Every man-made product is composed of natural resources (at its fundamental level). A natural resource may exist as a separate entity such as fresh water, and air, as well as a living organism such as a fish, or it may exist in an alternate form which must be processed to obtain the resource such as metal ores, oil, and most forms of energy.

Iranin nukleer programi

25 Ноября 2011, реферат

Uluslararası arenada soğuk savaşı sonrası ile ona devam olarak yine bir birlikte stratejik önceliğini yitiren nükleer silahlar ve diğer kitle imha silahları,11 Eylül sonrası süreçte terörle ilintilendirilerek onı gerekçe olarak yeniden uluslararası ilişkilerin öncelikli konularından biri haline gelmiştir.ABD sadece İrana karşı değildir, nükleer bilgiye ve teknolojiye kendi imkanlarıyla sahip bir İran’a da karşıdır.Bu ideolijierı radikal islamı grupların açtığı uluslararası terörizme ilişkin gerekçelerini,terörizim savaşlarında ve İranın nükleer faaliyetlerin engellemede araç olarak kulanıyor.İran kendi guvenliğine ve rejimin devamlıgına ABD-nın baskılarını tehdit olarak algılamakta ve bu tehditi azaltmak için ABD-a rekabet olarak Rusya ve Çinle ilişkilerini geliştirmeye ve silahlandırmaya ağırlık vermektedir.

Ireland is Christianity

26 Февраля 2012, доклад

The predominant religion in Ireland is Christianity, with the largest church being the Roman Catholic Church. Ireland's constitution states that the state may not endorse any particular religion and guarantees freedom of religion. In 2006, 86.8% of the population identified themselves as Roman Catholic, 1.4% less than 4 years earlier, although the number of Catholics increased by 218,800

Is it effective communication

26 Февраля 2013, контрольная работа

According this theory, we can examine the situation. The connection between Judy and Paula was not effective because Judy was not to be involved in what Paula was talking, because she drew attention on what was happening, and it shows that she did not draw attention on what was happening with her partner. As we know, in the communication process there is receiver and there is a sender of the message. So that Paula was absorbed in what was happening in café she did not have the opportunity to get information from Judy.

Iнтеракція в освітньому процесі: технологія організації

22 Ноября 2012, курсовая работа

У цьому середовищі її підтримують, надають поради, консультують, коригують, допомагають у пошуку шляхів оптимальної організації особистісної діяльності – учіння, пропонують на вибір напрямок навчання, обсяг, рівень складності особистісно значимого освітнього змісту та форми і методи його засвоєння, навчають виконувати різноманітні функції, важливі в плані соціалізації особистості.
Відтак розвитковий навчальний процес в контексті діалогу – це активна взаємодія та спілкування його учасників, тобто інтеракція (від англійського – “інтер”- взаємний, “акт”- дія).


22 Ноября 2010, реферат

о жаргонизмах ,диалектной и профессональной лексике виды и примеры