Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Financial Ratio Tutorial

08 Ноября 2011, реферат

When it comes to investing, analyzing financial statement information (also known as quantitative analysis), is one of, if not the most important element in the fundamental analysis process. At the same time, the massive amount of numbers in a company's financial statements can be bewildering and intimidating to many investors. However, through financial ratio analysis, you will be able to work with these numbers in an organized fashion.

Flemish baroque painting

10 Апреля 2012, доклад

Flemish Baroque painting is the art produced in the Southern Netherlands between about 1585, when the Dutch Republic was split from the Habsburg Spain regions to the south by the recapturing of Antwerp by the Spanish, until about 1700, when Habsburg authority ended with the death of King Charles II.Vleighe, p. 1.

Flora and fauna of New Zealand

14 Января 2011, доклад

The history, climate and geology of New Zealand have created a great deal of diversity in New Zealand's vegetation types. The main two types of forest have been dominated by podocarps and southern beech. Podocarps (Podocarpaceae), an ancient evergreen gymnosperm family of trees, have changed little in the last 190 million years. Forests dominated by podocarps form a closed canopy with an understory of hardwoods and shrubs. The forests of southern beeches comprise a less diverse habitat, with the beeches of four species dominating the canopy and allowing a single understory.

Formen der Negation

23 Марта 2012, курсовая работа

Das Ziel unserer Arbeit ist die Aufklärung der gebrauchlisten Ausdrucksmöglichkeiten der deutsche Sprache. In unsere Arbeit stellten wir Aufgaben nach folgende Fragen zu antworten:
- was versteht man unter der Verneinung
- welche Arten der Negationen gibt es in der deutsche Sprache
- welche Arten der Verneinung sind verbreitesten.

Formulating CAD/CAM Modules

29 Января 2013, реферат

In manufacturing, CAM (computer-aided manufacturing) systems are generally used on numerically controlled machine tools and other automated equipment. Such systems permit the design of technological processes, the preparation of control
software for numerically controlled equipment, and the resolution of other technological aspects of machining. Typical CAD/CAM systems include ADEM (Omega Adem Technologies Ltd); T-FLEX/TechnoPro (Top Systems); and KOMPAS/Vertical (ASKON).

Frankfurt am Main

25 Февраля 2013, творческая работа

Frankfurt am Main wurde erstmals am 22. Februar 794 in einer Urkunde Karls des Großen für das Regensburger Kloster St. Emmeram erwähnt.Die Goldene Bulle von 1356 bestätigte Frankfurt ab 1356 als ständige Wahlstadt der römischen Könige, nachdem hier schon seit 1147 die meisten Königswahlen stattgefunden hatten. Ab 1562 wurde der Kaiser auch in Frankfurt gekrönt, als letzter 1792 der Habsburger Franz II.
Im Mittelalter gehörte Frankfurt mit rund 10.000 Einwohnern zu den mittelgroßen deutschen Städten. Im 17. Jahrhundert überschritt die Einwohnerzahl 20.000, Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts 30.000 und um 1810 40.000. Bis zum Ende der Freien Stadt Frankfurt 1866 stieg die Stadtbevölkerung auf über 90.000, von denen rund 78.000 innerhalb der Wallanlagen wohnten. Nach der aktuellen Fortschreibung der Stadt lag die Einwohnerzahl am 30. Juni 2012 bei 700.256 und damit erstmals über 700.000.

Functions of Money

30 Октября 2011, реферат

Money is any good that is widely used and accepted in transactions involving the transfer of goods and services from one person to another. Economists differentiate among three different types of money: commodity money, fiat money, and bank money. Commodity money is a good whose value serves as the value of money. Gold coins are an example of commodity money. In most countries, commodity money has been replaced with fiat money.

Gender and the Media. Weitzer and Kubrin (2009) Misogyny in Rap Music

06 Марта 2013, реферат

The article addresses the question how prevalent misogynistic themes in music are and what specific messages they convey. This questions are addressed through content analysis of more than 400 songs. 5 themes related to image of women in songs are documented and linked to larger cultural and social context.
Images of women in popular music: Often women are presented as inferior to men, marginalized, trivialized.. There is a great diversity, complexity in how women are presented. Although this trend changes over time, still it is uncommon that women are presented as independent, intelligent, superior to men.

General american English

16 Мая 2012, курсовая работа

about American accent

General rules of learning

15 Апреля 2012, статья

Learning to communicate in another language may be challenging, but it is also a very rewarding and enriching experience. It is the best passport to discovering another culture.
- Ask yourself, do I learn something better when I see it written down? Do I only need to hear something a few times before I know it? Do I like to learn grammar rules by heart? Are there other strategies that work well for me? If you recognize your strengths, you can use them to work more effectively.
When learning a language, it is important to use a variety of strategies (using the book, listening to the recording, rehearsing dialogues, learning vocabulary, writing things down, listing verb forms, etc.) to practise the different skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. Work out what your preferred learning style is and use it to your advantage.

George Washington

26 Октября 2011, биография

George Washington (1732—1799) won a lasting place in American History as the "Father of our Country". For nearly twenty years he guided his country much as a father cares for a growing child. Washington lived an exciting life in exciting times. As a boy, he explored the wilderness. When he grew older, he helped the British fight the French and Indians. Many times he was nearly killed. As a general he suffered hardships with his troops in the cold winters.


07 Декабря 2011, творческая работа

The best beauty salon for your pets.
Our beauty salon will make your pets the most beautiful and fashion. And as will present to you pleasure and excellent mood!

Grāmatvedības uzskaites veikšanas un organizēšanas metodika

16 Июня 2011, реферат

Par grāmatvedības uzskaites kārtošanu un organizēšanu atbildīgs ir iestādes vadītājs.
Iestādes grāmatvedības uzskaites procesu nodrošina grāmatvedība kā iestādes patstāvīga
struktūrvienība, kuru vada galvenais grāmatvedis.

Grammar: Tense Forms in Active (Review)

19 Марта 2013, контрольная работа

I. Read the text and translate it in writing. The concepts of electric charge and potential are also essential in the study of electric currents. When an extended conductor has different potentials at its ends, the free electrons of the conductor itself are caused to drift from one end to the other. In order for this flow to continue it is necessary that the potential difference be maintained by some electrical source such as an electrostatic generator, or, much more frequently, a battery or a direct-current generator. The wire and the electrical source together form an electric circuit, the electrons drifting around it as long as the conducting path is maintained. In effect such a flow of electrons constitutes an electric current.

Great Britain

07 Августа 2011, контрольная работа

In the work I write about the advanced and original country – Great Britain.

It is the country involves me with the beauty and independence.

Unlike other countries it hasn't lost the traditions and remembers the history.

Great Britain

23 Ноября 2011, доклад

Great Britain (official name - the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is situated on two large islands, the larger of which is Great Britain, the smaller is Ireland. In addition to these two islands Great Britain includes over five hundred small islands. The total area of Great Britain is'240,000 sq. kms, its population is 56,000,000 people.

Great Britain

28 Ноября 2011, реферат

The official name of Great Britain is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK).
It occupies the territory of the British Isles.
It is composed of about 5,500 large and small islands.
The two biggest islands are Great Britain and Ireland.
Great Britain (UK) consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.
The total area of the UK is about 244,100 square kilo

Great Britain

21 Декабря 2011, реферат

Great Britain or United Kingdom, officially United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland, a parliamentary monarchy in northwestern
Europe. The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales,
Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Great Britain

01 Ноября 2012, доклад

To the north-west of the continent of Europe, there are two large and over 5000 small islands. The largest islands are called Great Britain and Ireland. England, Wales and Scotland are part of Great Britain. Together with Northern Ireland they constitute the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The capital of the country is London. The total area of the United Kingdom is about 120 000 square miles. The population is over 58 million people. Most of them live in towns and cities. The weather in GB is very changeable. A fine morning can change into a wet afternoon and evening and the wrong side out. The English people say: "Other countries have a climate; in England we have weather."

Greed and Glory on Wall Street

18 Января 2011, реферат

The Global Economic and Financial Crisis changed the world of money in a dramatic way. A lot of banks collapsed, thousands of firms experienced black-outs, small businesses were forced to leave markets, and even world-famous corporations had to struggle to survive. One weekend inside of one single building on Wall Street had enough power to influence the future of the whole planet.

Growing up with the media

10 Февраля 2013, сочинение

Getting information is one of daily necessities of a human being. The main source of information for millions of people is mass media. Nowadays whole generations are growing addicted to it. That is what is being so deep described in the publicistic article «Growing up with the media» by P.G. Aldrich. He shows us what a great force is MM in the world today. From the very beginning the author tries to interest the reader, using rhetorical questions and direct address - What do you remember most about your childhood? Running through the long dewy grass of a meadow or the Saturday morning TV cartoons?

Habe ich eine Chance, Elite zu werden

07 Марта 2013, доклад

In dieser Lektion haben Erfolgstories über die Leute, die Erfolgreich sind und sind Elite genannt. Warum? Weil sie solche Qualitäten als Hartnäckigkeit, Arbeitsamkeit und Mut gezeigt haben. Für mich ist die Geschichte über Susanne Kohout sehr interessant. Sie war bereit in einem neuen Bereich zu arbeiten und hatte keine Angst davor und das eine von wichtigsten Voraussetzungen den Erfolg.

Health of care in kazakhstan

25 Ноября 2011, доклад

A recent US$117.7 million World Bank loan granted to Kazakhstan ushers the country into a rosier future in terms of health care.
The loan promises to uplift the Kazakhs into a new era that makes international standards of health care achievable through its Ministry of Health and other health care-providing organizations.

Heart сovered with ice

26 Марта 2012, лекция

Snow has covered all heart, streams of soul which have given once me belief became covered by ice - all have forever calmed down! Those rays of light which burnt in me-have come for horizon under a covering of winter in a shower! Stars in my opinion one hoarfrost sparkled now has covered with their blanket up to the end! The life for the sake of love is not necessary - doors for ever have fallen asleep to me!

Heroic professions

26 Мая 2011, сочинение

In my opinion a heroic profession is the one in which people risk their lives in order to learn something new or to save the lives of other people.

Now I want to tell you what professions I personally admire. First of all, it's ussual people's profeshions.

It’s very hard to be a fireman.You never know at what time you must immediately jump into the car and rush to a burning object.You should act very fast, because each lost minute can one human life

Hierarchy of meaning in phraseology

23 Февраля 2013, доклад

Singling out phraseological meaning gives an opportunity to establish its main varieties: idiomatic meaning, idiophraseomatic meaning and phraseomatic meaning in accordance with the three classes of phraseological units: idiomatic ones, idiophraseomatic ones and phraseomatic ones [1, c. 136]. Those meanings comprise the phraseological microsystem of the language, and enable us to single out their varieties in accordance with the structural-semantical peculiarities of phraseological units characteristic of every class of PUs.

High education in Great Britain

11 Декабря 2011, реферат

All British universities are private institutions. Students have to pay fees and living costs, but every student may obtain a personal grant from local authorities. If the parents do not earn much money, their children will receive a full grant which will cover all the expenses. Students studying for first degrees are known as “undergraduates”. New undergraduates in some universities are called “fresher”. They have lectures, there are regular seminars.

Higher Education in the United States

07 Апреля 2013, статья

There is no national system of higher education in the United States. Basically, American higher education developed its own pattern by the adaptation of two traditions: the collegiate tradition of England and the university tradition of the continent.
In the USA there is no consistent distinction between the terms “college” and “university”. The general tendency, however, is to call a college a higher educational institution offering courses of instruction leading to the Bachelor’s degree; a university is a college or a group of colleges or departments offering courses of institution leading not only to the Bachelor’s degree but also to the Master’s and the Doctoral degrees.

History of speed dating

01 Марта 2013, реферат

The first speed-dating event took place at Pete’s Café in Beverly Hills in late 1998. Soon afterward, several commercial services began offering secular round-robin dating events across the United States. By 2000, speed dating had really taken off, perhaps boosted by its portrayal in shows such as Sex and the City as something that glamorous people did.
Cassie is a 26-year-old news editor from Ohio looking for someone who can laugh at himself and lives in the moment. Michael is a 23-year-old news editor from Long Island, N.Y., who wants a real, hip, intelligent and, yes, good-looking woman.In part two of this three-part series, Cassie and Michael try their hand at speed dating. Check back here tomorrow to read about their Internet dates.

History of the European Union

20 Марта 2012, реферат

The European Union is an economic and political union of 28 member states which are located primarily in Europe. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), formed by six countries in 1958. The founding members of the Community were Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany.